Camp Atterbury was opened in 1942 as a training center and served as such through 1946. Late in World War II, about 15,000 prisoners of war from the European theater of combat were interned here. After serving as the separation center for more than a half-million troops after the war, the camp was put into standby status.
Active status was restored upon the breakout of conflict in Korea and the base served the U.S. Army until late into the war in Vietnam, when the Indiana National Guard took over its operations.
It is named in memory of William Wallace Atterbury, a native of New Albany, Ind., who was awarded the Distinguished Service Medal for his service in World War I. During its construction it was nicknamed “Camp Mudbury,” due to inconvenient rainy weather.
The museum is located in the camp’s Welcome Center and includes artifacts, papers, photographs, uniforms and more. The outdoor museum includes an array of military equipment dating back to World War II. If you wish, you may also visit the Veterans’ Memorial Wall, walk, and reflecting pool.